Collection Development Policy

APPROVED:  June 1995

REVISED:  February 20, 2001, August 24, 2021


Collection Development

I.  Purpose

The purpose of the Brighton District Library’s Collection Development Policy is to guide and assist the Library staff in the maintenance of the collection as reflected in the Library’s missions and goals. The broader mandate on which this policy is based is the principles of intellectual freedom and the responsibility of the Library to uphold the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. These principles are embodied in the Library Bill of Rights, and the Freedom to Read Statement, as adopted by the American Library Association.

II. Definitions

The term “Library Materials” means books, magazines, DVDs, CDs, library programs or other synonyms as they may occur in the Policy having the widest possible meaning. This statement of Policy applies to all Library Materials in the collection, including adult, young adult and juvenile. However, this Policy and the term “Library Materials” does not apply to Internet sites available through the Library’s computers or Internet collection. The Library has no control over the content of the Internet. Please see the Internet Use Policy for any issues related to computer or Internet Use.

The term “selection” refers to the decision to add, retain or withdraw material in the collection. It does not refer to reader guidance.

III.  Scope of the Collection

The Brighton District Library collects materials for varying levels of education, differing social and religious customs, and diversity of viewpoints and opinions. The Library’s collection is intended to offer a choice of format, viewpoint, and level of difficulty in comprehension.

The collection includes materials that will enhance the learning environment for school age children, but does not necessarily include specific curriculum-based materials.

Electronic resources, proprietary as well as free sources, are included to increase the depth of the collection. Interlibrary loan is used to supplement the collection.

IV.  Content

The Brighton District Library strives to provide current, factual information and to supplement and enrich individual learning, and to provide materials for recreational reading and other leisure time activities. The materials collected by the Brighton District Library encompass a wide range of subjects, to meet the needs of our community. Sound information management also requires the removal of materials, which have become outdated or, for other reasons, are no longer considered suitable for retention. Removal of materials, known as weeding, is based on professional practices. Disposition of discarded materials will be managed by the Library Director and designated staff.

V.  Responsibility/Procedure

The final responsibility for material selection rests with the Library Director who operates within the framework of policies determined by the Board of Trustees. Specific subject areas are assigned to professional staff based on experience, training/education and the requirements of the Library. Donations are also used to enhance the collection (see Gifts, Grants and Bequests, Policy 306). Budget and spatial constraints also influence materials selection. Professional staff make all selection decisions after careful review. Standard review sources such as Library Journal, School Library Journal, Booklist, and Publisher’s Weekly, etc. may be used. Selection of a work by the Library does not constitute or imply the Library’s agreement with or approval of the work’s content, or the moral, religious, or political beliefs of the producer.

VI. Specific Selection Criteria

Broad criteria for all fields include:

  • Importance of the subject matter to the collection
  • Interest and popularity
  • Permanent or timely value
  • Accurate information or authoritativeness
  • Social significance
  • Local, state or regional historical significance
  • Clear presentation and readability
  • Reputation, skill and purpose of the author
  • Local significance of the author or of the subject
  • Cost of materials and cost of processing
  • Shelf space
  • Quality of graphics, where applicable
  • Availability of information on the subject
  • Appropriateness and effectiveness of medium to content
  • Literary merit and/or favorable reviews
  • Suitability of physical format for library use
  • Suitability of subject and style for intended audience

VII.  Digital Materials

Digital items such as eBooks and eAudiobooks shall be selected using the same criteria as printed materials as described above.

VIII.  Online Databases

The Library makes available a variety of online resources purchased to supplement and enhance the Library’s collection. These resources are evaluated on the basis of timeliness, ease of use, cost, and ability to meet patrons’ information needs.

IX.  Library Programming

Programs shall be selected using the same criteria as printed materials as described above.

X.  Brighton Room Collection

This special collection has been developed to meet the needs of those researching local history and genealogy, with particular emphasis on Brighton and Livingston County.  Resources are also provided for methodology in genealogical research. The collection includes non-circulating reference and archival materials, as well as a circulating collection.

XI.  Controversial Content

To further illustrate the Library’s support of the principles embodied in the Library Bill of Rights, the Library will not handle, process, shelve or otherwise mark any material to impose a value judgment. This includes, but is not limited to, labeling or marking a catalog record. Materials for varying levels of education and differing social and religious customs are provided and are included on the open shelves of the collection. Sequestering materials by hiding them from display interferes with a potential user’s access by presenting barriers and subjecting the library patron to unnecessary scrutiny. Parents have the primary responsibility to guide and direct the reading and materials selection of their minor children. The Brighton District Library does not stand in loco parentis.

A process is provided for members of the public to have the Library reconsider the inclusion or classification of materials, in Request for Reconsideration of Materials, Policy 402.

XII.  Revision of Policy

Any library and library collection must be responsive to the needs of the time and the population it serves. Therefore, this Collection Development policy may be revised and updated at any time as conditions warrant and will be reviewed at regular intervals as deemed necessary by the Brighton District Library Board of Trustees.